What Is Laminate Flooring?
Laminate flooring is a type of floor covering that is made from several layers of material to form a firm and durable type of flooring. It usually has at least 4 layers.
A backer layer – this layer provides the stability and support for the flooring and is the base of the laminate flooring.
A core layer – this layer helps to prevent dents (which can often occur in real wood floors) and retain the inherent structure of the flooring.
A décor layer – this layer shows the style of the laminate flooring, whether it’s a wood effect.
A wear layer – this layer provides the protection for the layers below, helping the flooring avoid being scratched from daily wear and tear.
What Are The Different Types Of Laminate Flooring?
Laminate flooring comes in a variety of different types.
There are 2 main styles of laminate flooring: plastic laminate and engineered wood laminate. Read more about the differences between laminate and engineered wood.
It’s no surprise that the engineered wood laminate can be more expensive than its plastic counterpart. However, with careful care, it can end up lasting much longer than the plastic laminate.
Different thicknesses and different widths are also important to consider when choosing your laminate flooring.
Typically, laminate flooring comes in thicknesses of 7-12mm. Usually the thicker the laminate, the more durable it is and the more suited it is for high traffic areas of your home.
Laminate flooring planks can vary in width as well. The wider the planks, the less flooring you’ll need to cover the space in your home.
What Are The Different Finishes For Laminate Flooring?
With hundreds, if not thousands of different finishes on the market, choosing the look of your laminate can be a daunting task.
First, consider what kind of look you want in your home. The most common style is wood effect.
Then within each of these styles, you’ll be spoilt for choice when it comes to colours, grains, and textures.
Some laminate flooring is embossed, others have a high gloss finish and others can have a hand-scraped effect to simulate a real hardwood floor.
Does Laminate Flooring Need Underlay?
Generally yes. Underlay serves a few purposes.
It adds an extra layer of moisture protection, so if you ever have any leaks from underneath your flooring, it is less likely to seep through to your laminate flooring.
Underlay also reduces noise and makes your floors quieter to walk on, as well as adds a layer of thermal insulation, keeping your home cooler in summer and warmer in winter.
How Long Will The Laminate Flooring Last?
How long your laminate flooring lasts depends on a variety of factors.
Firstly, the quality of the laminate you choose can have a huge effect on its longevity. Whether you add underlay and what thickness of underlay you choose can also have an impact.
How much traffic and wear and tear the flooring experiences is another factor that can affect how long your laminate flooring lasts. A home with a retired couple is going to have very different foot traffic to a family of 6.
Finally, engineered wood laminate can last a lot longer than plastic laminate flooring, but it will need to be cared for, and sanded down, and refinished over the years.
What Kind Of Maintenance Will The Laminate Flooring Need?
Of course, you’ll need to clean your floors regularly, no matter what kind of flooring you choose.
Laminate flooring needs to be swept or vacuumed on a regular basis. You can also dry mop the floors with a damp (not wet) mop.
Using a wet mop could allow moisture to seep into your laminate and cause it to warp. Never allow pools of water to form on the flooring and even if your flooring is water resistant or water proof, always aim to clean up any spills as soon as you can.